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Defect Prediction as a Multi-Objective Optimization Problem Gerardo Canfora, Andrea De Lucia, Massimiliano Di Penta, Rocco Oliveto, Annibale Panichella, Sebastiano Panichella

pubblicato 03 feb 2015, 13:36 da Gerardo Canfora   [ aggiornato in data 19 feb 2016, 13:25 ]
In this paper we formalize the defect prediction problem as a multi-objective optimization problem. Specifically, we propose an approach, coined as MODEP (Multi-Objective DEfect Predictor), based on multi-objective forms of machine learning techniques—logistic regression and decision trees specifically— trained using a genetic algorithm. The multi-objective approach allows software engineers to choose predictors achieving a specific compromise between the number of likely defect-prone classes, or the number of defects that the analysis would likely discover (effectiveness), and LOC to be analyzed/tested (which can be considered as a proxy of the cost of code inspection). Results of an empirical evaluation on 10 datasets from the PROMISE repository indicate the quantitative superiority of MODEP with respect to single-objective predictors, and with respect to trivial baseline ranking classes by size in ascending or descending order. Also, MODEP outperforms an alternative approach for cross-project prediction, based on local prediction upon clusters of similar classes.
Gerardo Canfora,
03 feb 2015, 13:36